A technical term in chemistry, adopted in English in 1835 as benzine (benzene from 1872), from German Benzin, which was coined in 1833 by Eilhardt Mitscherlich based on Benzoesäure "benzoic acid", plus the technical ending -ene (German -in) denoting hydrocarbons. benzoic in turn is an adjective formed from benzoin, originally a term for a balsamic resin.
NounBenzene (usually uncountable; plural Benzenes)
- (organic chemistry) An aromatic hydrocarbon of formula C6H6 whose structure consists of a ring of alternate single and double bonds.
- (organic chemistry, in combination) Sometimes used in place of the phenyl group
benzene m. (plural benzeni)
- (organic chemistry) benzene