- (intransitive) Of a body, person, etc, to move around an axis through itself.
- the Earth turns
- turn on the spot
- (transitive) To change the direction or orientation of.
- Turn the knob clockwise.
- (intransitive) To change one's direction of travel.
- Turn right here.
- (transitive) To position (something) by folding it.
- Turn the bed covers.
- (transitive) To become (begin to be).
- The leaves turn brown in autumn.
- When I asked him for the money, he turned nasty.
- (intransitive) To fundamentally change; to metamorphose.
- Midas made everything turn to gold.
- He turned into a monster every full moon.
- To rebel; to go against something formerly tolerated.
- The prisoners turned on the warden.
- (transitive) To shape (something) symmetrically by rotating it against a stationary cutting tool, as on a lathe.
- She turned the table legs with care and precision.
- (intransitive) To sour or spoil; to go bad.
- This milk has turned; it smells awful.
- (intransitive, of trees) To change the color of the leaves in the autumn.
- The hillside behind our house isn't generally much to look at, but once all the trees turn it's gorgeous.
- (usually with over) To complete.
- They say they can turn the parts in two days.
- (transitive, cricket) Of a bowler, to make (the ball) move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
- (intransitive, cricket) Of a ball, to move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
- (professional wrestling, intransitive) To change personalities, such as from being a face (good guy) to heel (bad guy) or vice versa.
- (move around an axis through itself): rotate, spin, twirl
- (change the direction or orientation of): rotate
- (change one's direction of travel): steer, swerve, tack
- (position (something) by folding it back on itself):
- (become): become, get, go
- (rebel): rebel, revolt
- (shape on a lathe): lathe
- (go bad): go bad, go off, sour, spoil
- (complete): complete
NounTurn (plural Turns)
- A change of direction or orientation.
- Give the handle a turn, then pull it.
- A movement of an object about its own axis in one direction that continues until the object returns to its initial orientation.
- A single loop of a coil.
- A chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others.
- They took turns playing with the new toy.
- One's chance to make a move in a game having two or more players.
- A figure in music, often denoted ~, consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below the one indicated, and the note itself again.
- (also turnaround) The time required to complete a project.
- They quote a three-day turn on parts like those.
- A fit or a period of giddiness.
- I've had a funny turn.
- 1886, Robert Louis Stevenson , Strange Case Of Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde
- "Then you must know as well as the rest of us that there was something queer about that gentleman--something that gave a man a turn--I don't know rightly how to say it, sir, beyond this: that you felt in your marrow kind of cold and thin."
- A change in temperament or circumstance.
- She took a turn for the worse.
- (cricket) A sideways movement of the ball when it bounces (caused by rotation in flight)
- (poker) The fourth communal card in Texas hold 'em.
- (poker, obsolete) The flop (the first three community cards) in Texas hold 'em
- A deed done to another.
- One good turn deserves another.
- I felt that the man was of a vindictive nature, and would do me an evil turn if he found the opportunity...
- (rope) A pass behind or through an object.
- character; personality; nature
- 1874, Marcus Clarke , For the Term of His Natural Life Chapter VII
- It was fortunate for his comfort, perhaps, that the man who had been chosen to accompany him was of a talkative turn, for the prisoners insisted upon hearing the story of the explosion a dozen times over, and Rufus Dawes himself had been roused to give the name of the vessel with his own lips.
- 1874, Marcus Clarke , For the Term of His Natural Life Chapter VII
- (change of direction or orientation):
- (movement about an axis returning to the original orientation): 360° turn, complete rotation, complete turn, full rotation, full turn
- (single loop of a coil): loop
- (chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others): go
- (one's chance to make a move in a game): go, move
- (figure in music):
- (time required to complete a project):
- (fit or period of giddiness): dizziness, dizzy spell, giddiness
- (change in temperament or circumstance): change, swing
- (sideways movement of a cricket ball):
Adjectives for Turn
romantic; radical; light; extravagant; ostentatious; countless (pi); sensational; administrative; thoughtful; comic; sudden; good; fanciful; melodic; sentimental; epigrammatical; satirical; intimate; unquiet; conversational; unexpected; cynical; artificial; marvelous.
Adverbs for Turn
snarlingly; tortuously; petulantly; sinuously; deviously; abruptly; reluctantly; gracefully; deliberately; solemnly; imploringly; exultingly; doggedly; awkwardly; distractedly; insensibly; instinctively; wearily; amiably; insolently; involuntarily; perversely; radiantly; wistfully; simultaneously; disdainfully; capriciously; resolutely; grudgingly; noiselessly; miraculously; indifferently; discreetly; energetically; listlessly; treacherously.
Charybdis, Platonic form, Platonic idea, S-curve, a thing for, aberrancy, aberration, about ship, about-face, access, acciaccatura, accommodation, accomplished fact, accomplishment, achievement, act, act of grace, act of kindness, acta, action, activate, adapt, adaptation, addle, adjustment, adventure, advert to, aesthetic form, affinity, afterpiece, agiotage, aim, aim at, air, airing, alienate, all the time, alter, alteration, alternate, alternately, always, ambit, amble, ameliorate, amelioration, an ear for, an eye for, anamorphism, anamorphosis, anchor watch, angle, angle off, animus, apostasy, appeal to, appear, apply, apply to, appoggiatura, aptitude, aptness, arabesque, arbitrage, arc, arch, archetype, arise, arouse, arrive, arsis, art form, assail, assemble, asymmetry, at every turn, attack, attend, avert, axe, back and fill, backing, backsliding, bad turn, balk, bate, be changed, be contingent on, be converted into, be here again, be hostile to, be renewed, bear, bear away, bear off, bear to starboard, bearing, beat, beat about, beat back, beat it, become, bend, bend back, bend to, bending, benefaction, benefit, benevolence, benignity, bent, betray, betterment, bias, bit, blessing, block, blow, blunt, bolt, boon, bore, bottom out, bout, bow, bowing, box off, branch off, branching off, break, break back, bring about, bring out, bring over, bring round, bring to light, brow, buckle, buckle down, build, bump, business deal, buying in, by turns, cadence, cadenza, call off, campaign, cant, cant round, capacity for, capsize, carriage, cashier, cast, cast about, chance, change, change back, change course, change into, change of heart, change the bearing, change the heading, changeableness, character, chaser, check, checker, chop, chop and change, circle, circuit, circuitousness, circulate, circulation, circumrotate, circumvolute, circumvolution, climacteric, clutch, coil, coin, color, coloratura, come, come about, come across, come again, come and go, come around, come into, come round, come round again, come up, come up again, commercial transaction, complexion, conatus, concern, concoct, conduce, conduciveness, configuration, conflexure, conformation, consider, constantly, constitution, constitutional, construct, construction, constructive change, continuity, contort, contortion, contribute, convergence of events, conversion, convert, cool off, corkscrew, corner, countenance, coup, course, courtesy, crack, crank, create, crinkle, crisis, critical juncture, critical point, crook, crookedness, crop up, crossroads, crucial period, crumple, crunch, cry back, curdle, curl, curtain, curtain call, curtain raiser, curve, cut, cut and run, cycle, day shift, deactivate, deal, dealings, decay, declination, decline, decurve, deed, defection, deflect, deflection, defy, degenerate, degeneration, degenerative change, delight, deliver, demeanor, deny, depart, depart from, departure, depend, depend on, depress, derange, deteriorate, deterioration, determine, detorsion, detour, detract, develop, deviance, deviancy, deviate, deviation, device, deviousness, diastole, diathesis, difference, diffract, diffuse, dig up, digress, digression, direct, direction, directionize, disaffect, disclose, discompose, discontinue, discontinuity, discover, discursion, disedge, disenchant, disenchantment, disgust, disillusion, dismiss, disorder, disperse, displease, dispose, disposition, disproportion, disservice, distort, distortion, divagate, divagation, divaricate, divarication, diverge, divergence, diversification, diversify, diversion, diversity, divert, divertimento, divertissement, division, dizzy round, do a flip-flop, do an about-face, dogleg, dogwatch, doing, doings, dome, double, double a point, downbeat, draw the teeth, dress, drift, drifting, drive, drive back, dull, eagerness, ebb and flow, eccentricity, eddy, effort, eject, embellishment, embow, emergency, employ, endeavor, energize, enterprise, epilogue, equip, equity capital, errantry, eventuate, everywhere, evict, evolve, exchange, excite, excursion, excursus, exigency, exode, exodus, exorbitation, expedition, expel, exploit, expose, expository scene, express, extinguish, extremity, fabricate, face, facial appearance, faculty, fait accompli, fancy, fascination, fashion, favor, feat, feature, features, feeling for, felicity, fend off, fetch about, figuration, figure, finale, find, finger, fioritura, fire, fit, fit out, fitting, fix, fix on, flair, flection, flee, flex, flexure, flier, flight, flip-flop, flop, flounder, flourish, fluctuate, flutter, forced march, form, format, formation, formulate, frame, fright, full circle, full time, garb, geanticline, genius, genius for, genre, geosyncline, gest, gift for, gimmick, give back, give in, gnarl, go, go about, go around, go back, go bad, go into, go off, go round, go through phases, go to bed, go to sleep, good deed, good offices, good turn, grace, grace note, gradual change, grain, grand tour, graveyard shift, guise, gurge, gybe, gyrate, gyration, gyre, hairpin, hairpin turn, half time, hand, hand in, hand over, handiwork, hang, happen, hark back, harm, haul around, have a tendency, have recourse to, head, heave round, heel, hike, hinge, hinge on, hit upon, hoke act, hold a heading, hold on, hook, hump, hunch, idiosyncrasy, imbalance, impassion, impression, improperly, improve, improvement, imprudently, in rotation, in succession, in turn, inappropriately, incidental, incidental note, inclination, incline, incurvate, incurve, indirection, indiscreetly, individualism, inflect, inflection, inform on, injury, innate aptitude, inner form, inning, innings, interlude, intermezzo, intermission, intermit, interpretation, intort, introduction, inverse, invert, irregularity, jar, jaunt, jibe, job, jolt, journey, junket, keel over, kick out, kidney, kind deed, kind offices, kindly act, kindness, knack, knock over, knot, knuckle down, labor of love, lap, lapse, layout, lead, lean, leaning, level at, liability, liking, lineaments, lines, liquidation, lobster trick, long mordent, look to, looks, loop, lopsidedness, lurch, maelstrom, make, make over, make up, makeup, maneuver, manner, manufacture, march, matrix, meander, measure, meet, meliorate, melioration, mental set, merchandise, mercy, mettle, mien, mind, mind-set, miss stays, mitigate, mitigation, mitzvah, modality, mode, model, modification, modify, modulate, modulation, mold, mordent, moulder, move, mush, mutate, mutation, mutiny, mutual affinity, mutual attraction, nature, nauseate, negotiation, night shift, number, obligation, oblique, obliquity, obtund, occur, offend, offer, office, operation, opportunity, orbit, ornament, oscillate, oust, out of order, out of turn, outing, overt act, overthrow, overtime, overturn, oxbow, package deal, package tour, parade, parry, part time, partiality, pass, pass into, passage, pattern, penchant, pendulate, peregrination, pererration, performance, peripatetic journey, peripateticism, physiognomy, pick up, pilgrimage, pinch, pirouette, pitch in, pivot, pivot about, place, pleasure trip, plunge, ply, point, point at, point to, ponder over, pop up, port, posture, pralltriller, predilection, predisposition, preference, prejudice, presence, present, prevent, probability, proceeding, proclivity, produce, production, proffer, profit taking, progress, prologue, promenade, proneness, propensity, prototype, prove, pull, pulsate, pulse, push, put, put about, put back, put off, put out, put together, putrefy, qualification, quirk, radical change, ramble, rambling, rat race, re-creation, readiness, realignment, reappear, rebel, rebuff, recidivation, recidivism, reciprocally, reclamation, reconversion, recur, recurve, redesign, redound to, reel, refashion, refer to, reflect, reflection, reflex, reform, reformation, refract, refuse, regress, regression, rehabilitation, reinstatement, reject, relapse, relate to, relay, relief, remaking, remodel, renewal, reoccur, reorganize, repeat, repel, repress, repulse, res gestae, reshape, reshaping, resort to, restitution, restoration, restructuring, result, retire, retrocession, retroflex, retrogradation, retrogression, retroversion, retund, return, returning, reveal, reversal, reverse, reversion, revert, reverting, revival, revive, revivification, revolt, revolution, revolve, revulsion, rick, ride, rig out, right-about, ring the changes, roll, roll around, rot, rotate, rotation, roulade, round, round a bend, round a corner, round a point, round trade, round trip, rounds, routine, rub, rubberneck tour, run, run away, sack, safari, sag, sally, saunter, say, scallop, scalping, scare, scatter, scene, schlep, scoot, scram, screw, seesaw, seizure, sell, sensitivity to, sequentially, series, serpentine, serve, service, set, set in motion, set toward, set upon, shape, sheer, shift, shifting, shifting course, shifting path, shock, shoot, shot, show a tendency, show up, shtick, shuffle, sicken, sight on, significant form, single mordent, sinuosity, skedaddle, sketch, skew, skit, slant, slew, slink, slipping back, slue, snake, soft spot, song and dance, sour, speculation, spell, spin, spiral, split schedule, split shift, spoil, spot sale, sprain, spring, stagger, stalk, stamp, stance, stand, stand-up comedy act, start, start up, steer, step, stimulate, stint, stockjobbery, stockjobbing, stop, strain, strait, straying, streak, stretch, stripe, striptease, stroke, stroll, structure, stunt, style, submit, successively, sudden change, sunrise watch, surface, surge, surprise, surrender, susceptibility, swag, sway, sweep, swerve, swerving, swing, swing round, swing shift, swing the stern, swinging, swirl, switch, switch off, switch on, swivel, sympathy, systole, tack, take a turn, take off, take turns, take up, talent, teeter, teeter-totter, tell on, temper, temperament, tend, tend to go, tendency, tender, tenor, terminate, thesis, thing, thing done, thrill, throw about, throw out, thwart, time, time at bat, titillate, tone, torsion, tortuosity, total change, totter, tour, tour de force, tour of duty, train, train upon, traipse, traits, tramp, transaction, transform, transition, transplace, transpose, trek, trend, trick, trip, tropism, trudge, turn a corner, turn a pirouette, turn about, turn against, turn around, turn aside, turn away, turn awry, turn back, turn down, turn for, turn in, turn into, turn of mind, turn of work, turn off, turn on, turn out, turn over, turn round, turn tail, turn the corner, turn to, turn turtle, turn up, turn upon, turn upside down, turnabout, turning, turning point, twine, twirl, twist, twist and turn, type, unbalance, uncover, undergo a change, undertaking, undo, undulate, unearth, unhinge, unsettle, unsymmetry, upbeat, upheaval, upset, use, vacillate, variation, variety, vary, vault, veer, veer around, venture, venture capital, verge, vibrate, violent change, visage, volte-face, vortex, voyage, walk, walking tour, wamble, wandering, warp, watch, waver, wax and wane, way, weaken, weakness, wear, wear ship, weave, whack, wheel, wheel about, wheel around, whip, whirl, whirlpool, whirlwind, whorl, willingness, wind, withdraw, wobble, work, work shift, work toward, work up, works, worm, worsen, worsening, wrench, wrest, wring, writhe, wrong, yaw, yield, zigzag
From Middle English turnen, from Old English turnian, tyrnan "to turn" and Old French torner, both from Latin tornāre, present active infinitive of tornō (“I round off, turn in a lathe”), from tornus (“lathe”), from Ancient Greek τόρνος (tornos, “a tool used for making circles”).
- (UK) IPA: /tɜːn/, SAMPA: /t3:n/
- (US) enPR: tûrn, IPA: /tɝn/, SAMPA: /t3`n/
Audio (US) noicon (file)
- Rhymes: -ɜː(r)n
- Homophone: tern
- The translations below need to be checked.
- The translations below need to be checked.
- first-person singular present tense of turnen
- IPA: /tʰʏrtn/
- Rhymes: -ʏrtn
- IPA: [turn]
- (chess rook) tură